Hydrogen-boron Fusion Energy

Nov 1, 2021 | ADVANCED ENERGY, Energy Management Systems

Hydrogen-boron Fusion Energy: A revolution in Power

Hydrogen-boron fusion energy is a new area with exciting potential for vehicles and transportation. There has been much debate about securing sufficient supplies of lithium and cobalt to power electric vehicles and replace two billion diesel/petrol vehicles currently on the roads.

Boron in Traction Motors

The Future of Transport is Powered by Hydrogen-boron Fusion Energy

Hydrogen-boron fusion energy requires only boron and hydrogen. Boron is more abundant than lithium with more than a billion tonnes of it in Turkey and the USA (compared to around fifteen million tonnes worldwide of lithium). Water is made up of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen. There are plenty of hydrogen resources. This is only possible recently thanks to the Chirped Pulse Amplifier laser. Donna Strickland and Gerard Mourou were awarded the Nobel Prize in 2018.

This novel form of Fusion has two strong points: it does not produce radioactive waste and it can also generate electricity directly. The reaction creates alpha particles, which are helium atoms without electrons. They seek to capture electrons to neutralize their charge. This allows them to drive an electric current through a circuit, such as the vehicle’s drive motors, attached to the Fusion vessel. Drive engines such as this, despite their seemingly impossible possibility, could be ready in a decade.

In 2017, Cambridge University Press published a paper that described a simulation where just 14 mg of hydrogen and boron-11 could be used to produce 300 kWh of electricity. A 100-kWh battery can power the long-range Tesla Model S for 370 miles. A gram of hydrogen-boron gasoline could get you almost 80,000 miles. It would not be difficult to refuel.

Benefits willa ccrue not only to cars but also to buses and trains with reduced downtime for refuelling and no overhead lines to be snagged. Public and shared transport will be affordable and efficient for everyone once driverless technology is matured.

Components of EV where boron is needed

Boron is not only a potential soruce of innovative power for the future through fusion  but currently is being trialled in drive trains and battery production as well as powering other electrical needs in modern automobiles to increase power and reduce emissions.

Electric motor: The electric motor is a vital component in any car, producing the power that makes driving possible. The traction battery pack with boron inside sends electricity to the electric motor which drives the vehicle’s wheels and also stores energy when braking occurs so it can be used later on.

Battery: In an electric drive vehicle, the EV battery provides electricity to power not only the drive train but also vehicle accessories. Efficient batteris awre made meo eficeint with the use of eletns like boron which provide a boost to capacity and augments the electrical system of your car with additional juice when necessary for use in powering all those things you need while driving: headlights, radio, and CD player volume levels, wipers (if equipped).

Onboard charger: The onboard charger takes the incoming AC electricity supplied via your charge port and converts it to DC power for charging the propulsion battery. It also communicates with your charging equipment, monitors voltage, current, temperature, and state of charge while safely powering up. This smart system makes sure that all this energy does not go to waste by knowing exactly how much is needed at any given moment

Power electronics controller: The power electronics controller is a system that manages the flow of electrical energy delivered by an electric traction battery, controlling the speed and torque produced by it. This unit has become more advanced in recent years with many features such as adaptive voltage control which ensures optimal performance for every workload type.

Thermal system: The cooling system is crucial to keeping the engine, electric motor, and other components in their safe operating temperature range. This ensures safety while driving a car.

Transmission: The transmission transfers mechanical power from the electric traction motor to drive the wheels. The transmission transmits mechanical energy into the driving force for your car by mechanically transferring electrical current through an electromagnet with copper coils wrapped around iron cores inside of them which creates magnetic field lines running along its length like wires but without actually being connected at either end. The electromagnetic induction process causes electrons to flow down one wire (the first coil) up another wire (the second coil).

Understanding the functions of Electric Vehicles

All-electric vehicles (EVs), also referred to as battery electric vehicles, are the future of sustainable transportation. All-electric vehicles (EVs), also referred to as battery electric vehicles, have an electric motor instead of the typical internal combustion engine. This vehicle is powered by a large traction battery pack and must be plugged into either a wall outlet or charging equipment called EVSE.

Because it runs on electricity rather than gas as most cars do, there’s no exhaust from the tailpipe and this type of car doesn’t contain any liquid fuel components such as pump, line, or tank because they run purely off of the energy that comes directly out of their batteries charged by plugging them into power outlets.

Benefits of EV’s to the Environment:

Electric vehicles are an asset because they emit zero tailpipe emissions. These pollutants, which come from the engine of a vehicle and escape out through the exhaust pipe when burned in traditional gasoline or diesel engines, can cause serious health problems such as asthma attacks and lung cancer. In contrast to electric cars that produce no pollution at all.

Fully electric vehicles are much cleaner than conventional cars. These eco-friendly cars emit an average of 4,450 pounds of CO2 each year while the most environmentally friendly petrol engines emit over twice as much annually.

The ICE vehicles emit large amounts of health-harming particle pollution. These particles are linked to a variety of bad consequences like asthma, heart attacks, and cancer that can be fatal if not dealt with. Meanwhile, electric cars aren’t emitting these particulates into the street air at all.

With electric vehicles, noise pollution is a non-issue. Electric motors are known for their silence and efficiency in comparison with other cars on the road making them ideal to take care of your peace of mind without sacrificing performance or convenience.

The conversion of energy from the grid to power in cars is more efficient in electric vehicles. Electric engines can convert up to 77% with a conventional gas engine only converting about 12-30%.

Lowering Your Carbon Footprint

Electric vehicles are an excellent and low-cost way to reduce the carbon footprint. Electric vehicles are cleaner than your average car. They have zero emissions, which makes them right for the environment and a perfect addition to any eco-friendly lifestyle.

Yet powering an EV with coal or natural gas may cause more harm than good in terms of carbon pollution levels not only from creating electricity but also by burning fuel during transportation. Even though they suffer these side effects, due to their efficient use of resources (i.e., less energy is used per mile) EVs still emit significantly fewer GHGs on average compared to regular cars over time

Safer Commute

Automakers are moving away from older methods to keep the battery temperature in a safe range. With liquid cooling technology, it is easier for cars to operate without overheating and causing issues with fires or other safety hazards. Tesla’s use of an aluminum plate between the batteries and passenger area shows that they take this need seriously as well.

Not every automaker includes this protection measure yet which means that their vehicles could be more at risk than others on the market today if there was ever an issue while someone was driving them around town. Leading automakers have invested heavily into developing next-generation solid-state battery technologies so we can continue using electric transportation safely, with features like better-fireproofing measures among many improvements coming down the line soon enough.

Cost Savings in the Long Run

Fuel-saving: A study conducted by the University of Minnesota shows that a typical electric vehicle owner can expect to save an average of $1,000 each year on fuel costs when compared with fueling their gasoline-powered car.

Maintenance cost: The repair costs for electric vehicles are significantly lower than those of gasoline-powered cars. Gasoline-powered cars require regular fluid changes and have many more mechanical parts that need to be maintained, which increases the cost over time.

Depreciated value: Consumer reports analysts found that newer, long-range electric vehicles are holding their value as well or better than traditional gasoline models. Both new and old EVs can be relied on to travel the same distance without refueling; however, a vehicle’s class and features affect how quickly it depreciates in comparison with other cars of its age group.

Future Plans for EVs and Plug-in Hybrids

The Electric Car Market is expected to reach a value of $1.9 trillion by 2028, at a CAGR of 37.1% during the forecast period 2021-2028. In terms of volume, this market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 36.2% from 2021 to reach 69.3 million units by 2028.

Supportive government policies and regulations, increasing investments by leading automotive OEMs, rising environmental concerns, and decreasing prices of batteries are the key factors driving the growth of the Electric Car Market. The growing adoption of autonomous driving vehicles provides significant growth opportunities for market players in the coming years.

(Source: https://www.meticulousresearch.com/product/electric-car-market-5187)

Why Manufacturers are excited

The growing adoption of autonomous driving vehicles is expected to create lucrative opportunities for players operating in this market. In the meantime, supportive government policies and regulations as well as increasing investments by leading automotive OEMs are likely going to continue to support battery-electric vehicle sales over time. Environmental concerns have also been on the rise lately which has led many consumers towards electric cars with lower emissions than traditional fuel-powered cars.

All these factors combined will lead us into a future where our society sees much smaller numbers of gas-guzzling vehicles parked outside their homes while it becomes increasingly common for people’s commutes instead to be done inside an all-electric car without any exhaust fumes.

Factors driving the growth of the EV market

Climate change is making people more aware of the environment and they are demanding products with fewer emissions. In 2040, it’s predicted that half or even more cars sold will be electric vehicles because of this shift in demand.

The electric car is an innovation that has the potential to radically change transportation as we know it. Governments around the world are aware of this and have committed to a new goal: 20% of all cars must be EVs by 2025.

Tesla is leading the pack in the electric car market, and investors are noticing. Tesla shares have seen a 1,000% increase since March 2020 due to its impressive innovation skills as well as other popular EV makers like NIO of China. However, traditional automakers like Mercedes-Benz are also shifting their focus to this new technology trend that’s taking over America’s roads.

 

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