BORON NITRIDE APPLICATIONS
It is a widely utilized substance in the industry. With developments in nanotechnology, nanostructures of Boron Nitride have also attracted attention. Different packages are feasible via exploiting those properties.
It nanostructures are used for:
- Thermal conductivity enhancement
- Mechanical energy enhancement
- Insulating coatings
- Oxidation and corrosion-resistant coatings
- Electric circuits
- Water treatment
- Hydrogen storage
Several Boron Nitride nanostructures such as Boron Nitride nanotubes and nanoparticles are used to improve the thermal conductivity of composites and nanofluids. Mechanical power of polymer, ceramic and metallic composites are advanced through the usage of it in nanotubes as composite fillers.
These nanotubes and nano-porous Boron Nitride structures have the potential to be used in hydrogen storage applications due to their high specific surface area.
Although industrial applications of Boron nanostructures are still in their infancy, there is great potential for rapid growth.
It’s Nanostructures are a unique type of nanoscale 3D structure that can be used to fabricate high-tech materials with new properties. They also have applications in astronomy, coating and uncoating surfaces, electromagnetic interference shielding.
Nanostructures are made out of the same element as Emeralds (Boron) which is an alkaline earth metal found in abundant resources all over the world naturally. As such all borides across the board including nitrides are tough materials which offer excellent mechanical and chemical stability making them ideal for their strong corrosion resistance without being brittle or hardening too quickly when hot pursuits temperature.
Nanostructures are composed of alternating Boron and Nitrate atoms. This association does now no longer typically arise in nature consequently they’re produced synthetically.
It’s nanostructures are often compared to well-known carbon nanostructures. This is due to the fact it is isoelectronic to a carbon lattice and has numerous crystalline forms Even though the quantity of studies on Boron nanostructures is a way much less than the studies on carbon nanostructures, they have been attracting increasing interest lately.
Boron Nitride Nanotubes
It’s Nanotubes are extremely small cylinders that can be used in a variety of products to provide extra strength or subtleness. This material offers unique, distinctive engineering for lightweight automobiles and other transportation needs.
These Nanotubes have been around since 2005, but only recently has their use started being explored on a larger scale. The nanomaterials are coated with a thin layer of boron nitride to coat the individual nanotube walls from wear-and-tear due to friction and make them more resistant from corrosion too. One study even stated that Nanotubes as “the best material” because it could potentially create lighter cars that had less environmental impact than what we see today
Much like carbon nanotubes, Boron Nitride Nanotubes are utilized as a reinforcement agent in composites. These Nanotubes are used as composite fillers mostly in polymer, ceramic and metal composites. Due to their high mechanical strength and thermal conductivity, these nanotubes improve the energy of those composites at the same time as additionally enhancing the thermal conductivity of the material. Another utility of these Nanotubes is hydrogen uptake and storage.
Due to their high surface area and polarity Boron Nitride Nanotubes have the potential to be used as hydrogen storing materials in the hydrogen energy industry. Other promising utility regions of these nanotubes are; insulating coatings, ultraviolet luminescence, and area emission. Due to the wide bandgap of structure, these nanotubes present high electrical insulating properties.
Boron Nitride Nanosheets
These Nanosheets are incredibly strong, invulnerable to corrosion and acids, and have a low thermal conductivity. Applied in places like the insulation of electric motors, they can be used to significantly reduce vibration noise for people nearby. These Nanosheets are incredible wonders that are nearly impossible to break when struck with anything other than another Boron Nitride Nanosheet. Effectively doubling as armor, these awesome super sheets will protect your home from burglars while you’re away on vacation or dozing during an unnecessary afternoon nap.
Much like nanotubes, Boron Nitride Nanosheets are used as a reinforcing agent in polymers. Along with mechanical strength, these Nanosheets offer better thermal conductivity than Boron Nitride Nanotubes and provide chemical stability against degradation. Owing to these properties, Boron Nitride Nanosheets are excellent additives for polymers and other composites. Boron based composites also have the potential to be used in the packaging industry because of their high thermal conductivity which provides quick heat release.
Alternatively, Boron Nitride Nanosheets are used in microelectronic applications. Combining semiconducting properties of carbon nanostructures with insulating properties of Boron Nitride Nanosheets enables the construction of electrical circuits, field-effect transistors, and tunneling devices. Moreover, the smooth surface of the Nanosheets can improve the device’s excellent and overall performance at the same time as chemical inertness of Boron Nitride Nanosheets gives safety against corrosion.
Other possible application areas of Boron Nitride Nanosheets can be listed as; lubricants, superhydrophobic materials, and oxidation-resistant coatings.