Boron Deficiency in Woody Plants
Boron is an essential element for higher plant growth and development. It helps to strengthen cell walls and control porosity. Generally, there are three types of born in plants, free boron born in the upper plast – Semi-bound boron – boron in the cytoplasm, and bound boron – boron in the cell wall.
The process is known as boron utilization. This is where the boron enters the targeted tissue after long-distance transport. And constructs the cell wall. Cell membrane and the metabolism of the cytoplasm.
Bore on utilization. Efficiency is related to the pectin content and cell wall and membrane composition.
Born efficient trees have a high proportion of non-cell wall boron. Which are used for cytolysis under adequate conditions. However, in boron-deficient plants and trees. A high proportion of cell wall born is missing in the cell wall structure.
Boron deficiency is common among most plants and constrains the growth and development of agriculture and forestry, mainly due to the lack of boron in the soil.
It is observed in areas where low Boren sores, including south Asia. Eastern Australia, New Zealand. North and south America, Africa, and Northern Europe.
Trees have a large body size and longer lifespans. And more bore on reserves than her patients’ plants, which suggests Woody species may only suffer from mild boron deficiency.
But deficiency causes significant yield and quality losses in forest trees, fruit trees, and Woody plants, influencing vegetative and reproductive growth.
Visually trees show different symptoms when deprived of boron.
The initial effect is often reduced elongation of growing points because of limited cell wall deposition.
In more extreme cases. It can cause the necrosis of these tissues due to cell death.
This also has a major negative effect on root growth. Especially lateral root growth.
The deficiency may additionally inhibit plant growth, and aerial parts, such as plant height and leaf area.
The tree’s become stunted. If boron deficiency persists for an extended time.
In some forest trees, it can also lessen would quality.
At the cellular level, boron is necessary for cell formation. Sell to all adhesion. And the architectural integrity of the cell.
However, boron deficiency inhibits root growth and causes weak vascularity Limiting water, uptake, and transport within the plant.
This may also limit the amount of light. Absorbed by the plant.
As a result, the rate of photosynthesis may be slowed.
Surprisingly born reserves play an essential role in Woody trees. Especially during the spring growth flush.
Boron reserves are boron-containing substances. Indirectly used in functioning, stored in the trees, upper plast, and cytoplasm until needed.
Trees, unlike her basis, plants are perennial and have large bodies. Thus trees may store enough boron to cope with borne deficiency at a later phase.
In conclusion, boron deficiency is quite common among Woody plants.
A sufficient bore and supply of cultivated trees can be highly beneficial economically. Significantly increasing the yields and quality of fruit and forest trees.
Much progress has been made in understanding the molecular mechanisms of bore and efficiency in herbaceous plants.
But further investigation of the mechanisms of borne deficiency tolerance in Woody plants. Is ongoing.